Nachdem ich plötzlich Ein-/Ausgabefehler auf meinem Server hatte und diese nur durch eine Re-Installation beheben konnte, bin ich auf das Problem gestossen, dass ich das Hardware-RAID nur bedingt überprüfen kann.

Installation von megacli

Gefunden hier: https://gist.github.com/fxkraus/595ab82e07cd6f8e057d31bc0bc5e779?permalink_comment_id=2928495#gistcomment-2928495

DIST=$(lsb_release -c | grep "Codename:" | awk '{print $2}')  # jessie wheezy or stratch  whatelse
wget -O - https://hwraid.le-vert.net/debian/hwraid.le-vert.net.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
echo " deb http://hwraid.le-vert.net/debian $DIST main " > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/raidtoolRepo.list
apt-get update
apt-get install megacli

Die Installation von megactl und megamgr hat leider nicht funktioniert, brauche ich aber derzeit nicht.

Installation von storcli

Gefunden hier: https://forums.servethehome.com/index.php?threads/installing-lsi-megaraid-storage-manager-on-debian-10-omv-5.27676/
Download der Datei unter https://docs.broadcom.com/docs/1.23.02_StorCLI und die Datei auf die Linux-Maschine übertragen, oder den direkten Link verwenden:

wget https://docs.broadcom.com/docs-and-downloads/raid-controllers/raid-controllers-common-files/1.23.02_StorCLI.zip

Notwendige Pakete installiert:

apt-get install unzip alien

Danach storcli installieren:

unzip 1.23.02_StorCLI.zip
unzip storcli_All_OS.zip
cd storcli_All_OS/Linux
alien --scripts storcli-1.23.02-1.noarch.rpm
dpkg --install storcli_1.23.02-2_all.deb
ln -s /opt/MegaRAID/storcli/storcli64 /usr/local/sbin/storcli

Eine einfache Überprüfung ist die Ausführung von storcli show:

# storcli show
Status Code = 0
Status = Success
Description = None

Number of Controllers = 1
Host Name = e6
Operating System  = Linux5.10.0-20-amd64

System Overview :
===============

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ctl Model                 Ports PDs DGs DNOpt VDs VNOpt BBU  sPR DS EHS ASOs Hlth
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0 LSIMegaRAIDSAS9240-4i     8   2   1     0   1     0 Msng On  -  Y      1 Opt
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ctl=Controller Index|DGs=Drive groups|VDs=Virtual drives|Fld=Failed
PDs=Physical drives|DNOpt=DG NotOptimal|VNOpt=VD NotOptimal|Opt=Optimal
Msng=Missing|Dgd=Degraded|NdAtn=Need Attention|Unkwn=Unknown
sPR=Scheduled Patrol Read|DS=DimmerSwitch|EHS=Emergency Hot Spare
Y=Yes|N=No|ASOs=Advanced Software Options|BBU=Battery backup unit
Hlth=Health|Safe=Safe-mode boot

Überprüfung des Hardware-RAIDs

megacli -AdpAllInfo -aAll
Status Code = 0
Status = Success
Description = None

Number of Controllers = 1
Host Name = e6
Operating System  = Linux5.10.0-20-amd64

System Overview :
===============

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ctl Model                 Ports PDs DGs DNOpt VDs VNOpt BBU  sPR DS EHS ASOs Hlth
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0 LSIMegaRAIDSAS9240-4i     8   2   1     0   1     0 Msng On  -  Y      1 Opt
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ctl=Controller Index|DGs=Drive groups|VDs=Virtual drives|Fld=Failed
PDs=Physical drives|DNOpt=DG NotOptimal|VNOpt=VD NotOptimal|Opt=Optimal
Msng=Missing|Dgd=Degraded|NdAtn=Need Attention|Unkwn=Unknown
sPR=Scheduled Patrol Read|DS=DimmerSwitch|EHS=Emergency Hot Spare
Y=Yes|N=No|ASOs=Advanced Software Options|BBU=Battery backup unit
Hlth=Health|Safe=Safe-mode boot


e6 root Linux # megacli -AdpAllInfo -aAll

Adapter #0

==============================================================================
                    Versions
                ================
Product Name    : LSI MegaRAID SAS 9240-4i
Serial No       : SP52905522
FW Package Build: 20.12.1-0150

                    Mfg. Data
                ================
Mfg. Date       : 07/17/15
Rework Date     : 00/00/00
Revision No     : 03D
Battery FRU     : N/A

                Image Versions in Flash:
                ================
BIOS Version       : 4.36.00_4.12.05.00_0x05270000
Preboot CLI Version: 03.02-020:#%00009
WebBIOS Version    : 4.0-60-e_49-Rel
NVDATA Version     : 3.09.03-0052
FW Version         : 2.130.394-2550
Boot Block Version : 2.02.00.00-0001

                Pending Images in Flash
                ================
None

                PCI Info
                ================
Controller Id	: 0000
Vendor Id       : 1000
Device Id       : 0073
SubVendorId     : 1000
SubDeviceId     : 9241

Host Interface  : PCIE

ChipRevision    : B2

Link Speed 	     : 0
Number of Frontend Port: 0
Device Interface  : PCIE

Number of Backend Port: 8
Port  :  Address
0        4433221102000000
1        4433221103000000
2        0000000000000000
3        0000000000000000
4        0000000000000000
5        0000000000000000
6        0000000000000000
7        0000000000000000

                HW Configuration
                ================
SAS Address      : 500605b009769650
BBU              : Absent
Alarm            : Absent
NVRAM            : Present
Serial Debugger  : Present
Memory           : Absent
Flash            : Present
Memory Size      : 0MB
TPM              : Absent
On board Expander: Absent
Upgrade Key      : Absent
Temperature sensor for ROC    : Absent
Temperature sensor for controller    : Absent


                Settings
                ================
Current Time                     : 19:54:28 4/2, 2023
Predictive Fail Poll Interval    : 300sec
Interrupt Throttle Active Count  : 16
Interrupt Throttle Completion    : 50us
Rebuild Rate                     : 30%
PR Rate                          : 30%
BGI Rate                         : 30%
Check Consistency Rate           : 30%
Reconstruction Rate              : 30%
Cache Flush Interval             : 4s
Max Drives to Spinup at One Time : 4
Delay Among Spinup Groups        : 2s
Physical Drive Coercion Mode     : Disabled
Cluster Mode                     : Disabled
Alarm                            : Disabled
Auto Rebuild                     : Enabled
Battery Warning                  : Disabled
Ecc Bucket Size                  : 15
Ecc Bucket Leak Rate             : 1440 Minutes
Restore HotSpare on Insertion    : Disabled
Expose Enclosure Devices         : Enabled
Maintain PD Fail History         : Enabled
Host Request Reordering          : Enabled
Auto Detect BackPlane Enabled    : SGPIO
Load Balance Mode                : Auto
Use FDE Only                     : No
Security Key Assigned            : No
Security Key Failed              : No
Security Key Not Backedup        : No
Default LD PowerSave Policy      : Controller Defined
Maximum number of direct attached drives to spin up in 1 min : 0
Auto Enhanced Import             : Yes
Any Offline VD Cache Preserved   : No
Allow Boot with Preserved Cache  : No
Disable Online Controller Reset  : No
PFK in NVRAM                     : No
Use disk activity for locate     : No
POST delay			 : 90 seconds
BIOS Error Handling          	 : Pause on Errors
Current Boot Mode 		  :Normal
                Capabilities
                ================
RAID Level Supported             : RAID0, RAID1, RAID5, RAID00, RAID10, RAID50, PRL 11, PRL 11 with spanning, SRL 3 supported, PRL11-RLQ0 DDF layout with no span, PRL11-RLQ0 DDF layout with span
Supported Drives                 : SAS, SATA

Allowed Mixing:

Mix in Enclosure Allowed
Mix of SAS/SATA of HDD type in VD Allowed
Mix of SAS/SATA of SSD type in VD Allowed
Mix of SSD/HDD in VD Allowed

                Status
                ================
ECC Bucket Count                 : 0

                Limitations
                ================
Max Arms Per VD          : 16
Max Spans Per VD         : 8
Max Arrays               : 16
Max Number of VDs        : 16
Max Parallel Commands    : 31
Max SGE Count            : 80
Max Data Transfer Size   : 8192 sectors
Max Strips PerIO         : 20
Max LD per array         : 16
Min Strip Size           : 8 KB
Max Strip Size           : 64 KB
Max Configurable CacheCade Size: 0 GB
Current Size of CacheCade      : 0 GB
Current Size of FW Cache       : 0 MB

                Device Present
                ================
Virtual Drives    : 1
  Degraded        : 0
  Offline         : 0
Physical Devices  : 3
  Disks           : 2
  Critical Disks  : 0
  Failed Disks    : 0

                Supported Adapter Operations
                ================
Rebuild Rate                    : Yes
CC Rate                         : Yes
BGI Rate                        : Yes
Reconstruct Rate                : Yes
Patrol Read Rate                : Yes
Alarm Control                   : No
Cluster Support                 : No
BBU                             : No
Spanning                        : Yes
Dedicated Hot Spare             : Yes
Revertible Hot Spares           : Yes
Foreign Config Import           : Yes
Self Diagnostic                 : Yes
Allow Mixed Redundancy on Array : No
Global Hot Spares               : Yes
Deny SCSI Passthrough           : No
Deny SMP Passthrough            : No
Deny STP Passthrough            : No
Support Security                : No
Snapshot Enabled                : No
Support the OCE without adding drives : Yes
Support PFK                     : Yes
Support PI                      : No
Support Boot Time PFK Change    : No
Disable Online PFK Change       : No
PFK TrailTime Remaining         : 0 days 0 hours
Support Shield State            : No
Block SSD Write Disk Cache Change: No
Support Online FW Update	: Yes

                Supported VD Operations
                ================
Read Policy          : No
Write Policy         : No
IO Policy            : No
Access Policy        : Yes
Disk Cache Policy    : Yes
Reconstruction       : Yes
Deny Locate          : No
Deny CC              : No
Allow Ctrl Encryption: No
Enable LDBBM         : Yes
Support Breakmirror  : No
Power Savings        : No

                Supported PD Operations
                ================
Force Online                            : Yes
Force Offline                           : Yes
Force Rebuild                           : Yes
Deny Force Failed                       : No
Deny Force Good/Bad                     : No
Deny Missing Replace                    : No
Deny Clear                              : No
Deny Locate                             : No
Support Temperature                     : Yes
NCQ                                     : No
Disable Copyback                        : No
Enable JBOD                             : No
Enable Copyback on SMART                : No
Enable Copyback to SSD on SMART Error   : Yes
Enable SSD Patrol Read                  : No
PR Correct Unconfigured Areas           : Yes
Enable Spin Down of UnConfigured Drives : No
Disable Spin Down of hot spares         : Yes
Spin Down time                          : 30
T10 Power State                         : No
                Error Counters
                ================
Memory Correctable Errors   : 0
Memory Uncorrectable Errors : 0

                Cluster Information
                ================
Cluster Permitted     : No
Cluster Active        : No

                Default Settings
                ================
Phy Polarity                     : 0
Phy PolaritySplit                : 0
Background Rate                  : 30
Strip Size                       : 64kB
Flush Time                       : 4 seconds
Write Policy                     : WT
Read Policy                      : None
Cache When BBU Bad               : Disabled
Cached IO                        : No
SMART Mode                       : Mode 6
Alarm Disable                    : No
Coercion Mode                    : None
ZCR Config                       : Unknown
Dirty LED Shows Drive Activity   : No
BIOS Continue on Error           : 3
Spin Down Mode                   : None
Allowed Device Type              : SAS/SATA Mix
Allow Mix in Enclosure           : Yes
Allow HDD SAS/SATA Mix in VD     : Yes
Allow SSD SAS/SATA Mix in VD     : Yes
Allow HDD/SSD Mix in VD          : Yes
Allow SATA in Cluster            : No
Max Chained Enclosures           : 2
Disable Ctrl-R                   : Yes
Enable Web BIOS                  : Yes
Direct PD Mapping                : No
BIOS Enumerate VDs               : Yes
Restore Hot Spare on Insertion   : No
Expose Enclosure Devices         : Yes
Maintain PD Fail History         : Yes
Disable Puncturing               : Yes
Zero Based Enclosure Enumeration : No
PreBoot CLI Enabled              : Yes
LED Show Drive Activity          : No
Cluster Disable                  : Yes
SAS Disable                      : No
Auto Detect BackPlane Enable     : SGPIO
Use FDE Only                     : No
Enable Led Header                : No
Delay during POST                : 0
EnableCrashDump                  : No
Disable Online Controller Reset  : No
EnableLDBBM                      : Yes
Un-Certified Hard Disk Drives    : Allow
Treat Single span R1E as R10     : No
Max LD per array                 : 16
Power Saving option              : All power saving options are disabled
Default spin down time in minutes: 30
Enable JBOD                      : Yes
TTY Log In Flash                 : Yes
Auto Enhanced Import             : Yes
BreakMirror RAID Support         : Yes
Disable Join Mirror              : No
Enable Shield State              : No
Time taken to detect CME         : 60s

Exit Code: 0x00

# storcli /c0 /eall /sall show
Controller = 0
Status = Success
Description = Show Drive Information Succeeded.


Drive Information :
=================

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EID:Slt DID State DG     Size Intf Med SED PI SeSz Model              Sp Type
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
64:0      5 Onln   0 1.818 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B TOSHIBA DT01ACA200 U  -
64:1      4 Onln   0 1.818 TB SATA HDD N   N  512B TOSHIBA DT01ACA200 U  -
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EID-Enclosure Device ID|Slt-Slot No.|DID-Device ID|DG-DriveGroup
DHS-Dedicated Hot Spare|UGood-Unconfigured Good|GHS-Global Hotspare
UBad-Unconfigured Bad|Onln-Online|Offln-Offline|Intf-Interface
Med-Media Type|SED-Self Encryptive Drive|PI-Protection Info
SeSz-Sector Size|Sp-Spun|U-Up|D-Down|T-Transition|F-Foreign
UGUnsp-Unsupported|UGShld-UnConfigured shielded|HSPShld-Hotspare shielded
CFShld-Configured shielded|Cpybck-CopyBack|CBShld-Copyback Shielded


# smartctl -a -d megaraid,4  /dev/sda
smartctl 7.2 2020-12-30 r5155 [x86_64-linux-5.10.0-20-amd64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-20, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 3.5" DT01ACA... Desktop HDD
Device Model:     TOSHIBA DT01ACA200
Serial Number:    45O51V1AS
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 fe2c24cc3
Firmware Version: MX4OABB0
User Capacity:    2.000.398.934.016 bytes [2,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Form Factor:      3.5 inches
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Sun Apr  2 21:57:03 2023 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Status not supported: ATA return descriptor not supported by controller firmware
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84)	Offline data collection activity
					was suspended by an interrupting command from host.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)	The previous self-test routine completed
					without error or no self-test has ever
					been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection: 		(14726) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					No Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 ( 246) minutes.
SCT capabilities: 	       (0x003d)	SCT Status supported.
					SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
					SCT Feature Control supported.
					SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   016    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   140   140   054    Pre-fail  Offline      -       68
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0007   128   128   024    Pre-fail  Always       -       296 (Average 297)
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       95
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   005    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   067    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   128   128   020    Pre-fail  Offline      -       31
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   091   091   000    Old_age   Always       -       66492
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       95
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       116
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       116
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   187   187   000    Old_age   Always       -       32 (Min/Max 22/53)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0008   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x000a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

# smartctl -a -d megaraid,5  /dev/sda
smartctl 7.2 2020-12-30 r5155 [x86_64-linux-5.10.0-20-amd64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-20, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 3.5" DT01ACA... Desktop HDD
Device Model:     TOSHIBA DT01ACA200
Serial Number:    45O51V2AS
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 fe2c24cc4
Firmware Version: MX4OABB0
User Capacity:    2.000.398.934.016 bytes [2,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Form Factor:      3.5 inches
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Sun Apr  2 21:57:09 2023 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Status not supported: ATA return descriptor not supported by controller firmware
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84)	Offline data collection activity
					was suspended by an interrupting command from host.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)	The previous self-test routine completed
					without error or no self-test has ever
					been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection: 		(15300) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					No Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 ( 255) minutes.
SCT capabilities: 	       (0x003d)	SCT Status supported.
					SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
					SCT Feature Control supported.
					SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   016    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   138   138   054    Pre-fail  Offline      -       74
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0007   128   128   024    Pre-fail  Always       -       295 (Average 296)
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       95
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   005    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   067    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   126   126   020    Pre-fail  Offline      -       32
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   091   091   000    Old_age   Always       -       66492
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       95
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       112
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       112
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   181   181   000    Old_age   Always       -       33 (Min/Max 21/52)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0008   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x000a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

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